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【CentOS】安装邮件服务器postfix-dovecot

2016年3月3日 发表评论 阅读评论

转载一篇Centos 6上安装邮件服务器的文章

How to setup mail server in centos 6 ( postfix-dovecot )

This article describes how to setup a mail server in centos 6 . Here i have used three popular packages which is very easy to configure .
» Postfix ( for sending )
» Dovecot ( for receiving )
» Squirrelmail ( for webmail access )
This guide is strictly for learning purpose , not for real time servers .
Let’s start

Setup mail server in centos 6

» Installing and configuring  postfix




» Installing and configuring  dovecot

» Creating users and testing

» Installing and configuring squirrelmail

» Installing and configuring  postfix

Step 1 »Before installation assign a static ip and add a host entry for your domain to that IP in the /etc/hosts file like below.
192.168.0.15 krizna.com

Step 2 » Issue the below command to install postfix

[root@mail ~]# yum -y install postfix

Step 3 » Now issue the below command to install SMTP AUTH packages .

[root@mail ~]# yum -y install cyrus-sasl cyrus-sasl-devel cyrus-sasl-gssapi cyrus-sasl-md5 cyrus-sasl-plain

Postfix package installation is completed .
Step 4 » Issue the below commands one by one for creating SSL Cert.
[root@mail ~]# mkdir /etc/postfix/ssl
[root@mail ~]# cd /etc/postfix/ssl/
[root@mail ssl]# openssl genrsa -des3 -rand /etc/hosts -out smtpd.key 1024
[root@mail ssl]# chmod 600 smtpd.key
[root@mail ssl]# openssl req -new -key smtpd.key -out smtpd.csr
[root@mail ssl]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in smtpd.csr -signkey smtpd.key -out smtpd.crt
[root@mail ssl]# openssl rsa -in smtpd.key -out smtpd.key.unencrypted
[root@mail ssl]# mv -f smtpd.key.unencrypted smtpd.key
[root@mail ssl]# openssl req -new -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days 365

Step 4 » Now open /etc/postfix/main.cf file .
Find and comment the below lines .
#inet_interfaces = localhost #---> line no 116
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost #--> line no 164

and add these lines at the bottom of the file.

Step 5 » Now open /etc/postfix/master.cf file and add the below line after smtp

Step 6 » Now start postfix and saslauthd service
[root@mail ~]# service postfix start
[root@mail ~]# service saslauthd start
» Issue the below commands to start the postfix and saslauthd at startup
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 postfix on
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 saslauthd on
Step 7 » Now check your smtp connectivity . just telnet localhost on port 25 and type this command ehlo localhost
[root@mail ~]# telnet localhost 25
Trying ::1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 mail.krizna.com ESMTP Postfix
ehlo localhost <---- type this command 
250-mail.krizna.com
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH PLAIN LOGIN
250-AUTH=PLAIN LOGIN
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-8BITMIME
250 DSN
quit
221 2.0.0 Bye
Connection closed by foreign host.

If you get this output .. Great .. everything is fine till now.

» Installing and configuring dovecot

Step 8 » Issue this command to install dovecot
[root@mail ~]# yum -y install dovecot
Step 9 » After installation open /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf file and add the below line at the end of the file. please make sure mail_location and home_mailbox in postfix configuration are using the same name.
protocols = imap pop3
mail_location = maildir:~/mail
pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv
将其中的#liten = *,[::]改为listen = *

Step 10 » Now start dovecot service

[root@mail ~]# service dovecot start
» Issue the below command to start the dovecot at startup
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 dovecot on

Step 11 » Now test your pop3 connectivity .

[root@mail ~]# telnet localhost 110
Trying ::1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
+OK Dovecot ready.
quit
+OK Logging out
Connection closed by foreign host.

Yes .. your server is ready to receive mails .

» Creating users and testing

Step 11 » Now create users to test your configuration.
[root@mail ~]# useradd -m bobby -s /sbin/nologin
[root@mail ~]# useradd -m leela -s /sbin/nologin
and create passwords for the users created
[root@mail ~]# passwd bobby
[root@mail ~]# passwd leela
Step 12 » Test your configuration in thunderbird . Refer the below image for configuration details.
Mail server centos 6 testing此处可以下载Foxmail进行测试。

Step 13 » Now you can send and receive mails using this server. In case of any issues please check the log file /var/log/maillog )

your mail server is ready …

如果发现telenet 域名 25端口不同,则尝试在 /etc/postfix/main.cf 中增加配置inet_interfaces = $myhostname, localhost后重启devecot服务service dovecot restart

» Installing and configuring squirrelmail

Step 14 » you need to add EPEL repository to install squirrelmail package. you can find latest EPEL repository rpm here ( http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/repoview/epel-release.html )
[root@mail ~]# rpm -ivh http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
Step 15 » Issue the below command to install squirrelmail.
[root@mail ~]# yum install squirrelmail
This command will install squirrelmail along with apache and php.
Step 16 » Now run the below command to configure squirrelmail .
[root@mail ~]# perl /usr/share/squirrelmail/config/conf.pl
»»» 1 »»» 1 »»» krizna (type Organization name ) »»» R ( return )
»»» 2 »»» 1 »»» ( hit space for empty Domain name ) and choose 3 »»» SMTP ( choose SMTP ) »»» R ( return )
»»» D »»» dovecot ( type ) »»» press enter with default
»»» s ( save and quit)
Step 17 » Open /etc/httpd/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf file and uncomment below lines
# RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
# RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}

Step 18 » start apache service
[root@mail ~]# service httpd start
» Issue the below commands to start the httpd at startup
[root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 httpd on
Step 19 » Now open http://serverip/webmail path in your browser . you could able to see the below page .
setup mail server postfix-dovecot-squirrelmail
and after login
setup mail server postfix-dovecot-squirrelmail
If any issues with apache check this page Installing Apache2 , Mysql server and PHP on Centos 6 (LAMP)
Also see :
» Setup mail server on centos 7
» Setup mail server on Ubuntu 14.04
Good luck.

原文:http://www.krizna.com/centos/setup-mail-server-in-centos-6/



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