【CentOS】安装邮件服务器postfix-dovecot

    转载一篇Centos 6上安装邮件服务器的文章

    How to setup mail server in centos 6 ( postfix-dovecot )

    This article describes how to setup a mail server in centos 6 . Here i have used three popular packages which is very easy to configure .
    » Postfix ( for sending )
    » Dovecot ( for receiving )
    » Squirrelmail ( for webmail access )
    This guide is strictly for learning purpose , not for real time servers .
    Let’s start



    Setup mail server in centos 6

    » Installing and configuring  postfix

    » Installing and configuring  dovecot

    » Creating users and testing

    » Installing and configuring squirrelmail

    » Installing and configuring  postfix

    Step 1 »Before installation assign a static ip and add a host entry for your domain to that IP in the /etc/hosts file like below.
    192.168.0.15 krizna.com

    Step 2 » Issue the below command to install postfix

    [root@mail ~]# yum -y install postfix

    Step 3 » Now issue the below command to install SMTP AUTH packages .

    [root@mail ~]# yum -y install cyrus-sasl cyrus-sasl-devel cyrus-sasl-gssapi cyrus-sasl-md5 cyrus-sasl-plain

    Postfix package installation is completed .
    Step 4 » Issue the below commands one by one for creating SSL Cert.
    [root@mail ~]# mkdir /etc/postfix/ssl
    [root@mail ~]# cd /etc/postfix/ssl/
    [root@mail ssl]# openssl genrsa -des3 -rand /etc/hosts -out smtpd.key 1024
    [root@mail ssl]# chmod 600 smtpd.key
    [root@mail ssl]# openssl req -new -key smtpd.key -out smtpd.csr
    [root@mail ssl]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in smtpd.csr -signkey smtpd.key -out smtpd.crt
    [root@mail ssl]# openssl rsa -in smtpd.key -out smtpd.key.unencrypted
    [root@mail ssl]# mv -f smtpd.key.unencrypted smtpd.key
    [root@mail ssl]# openssl req -new -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days 365

    Step 4 » Now open /etc/postfix/main.cf file .
    Find and comment the below lines .
    #inet_interfaces = localhost #---> line no 116
    #mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost #--> line no 164

    and add these lines at the bottom of the file.

    Step 5 » Now open /etc/postfix/master.cf file and add the below line after smtp

    Step 6 » Now start postfix and saslauthd service
    [root@mail ~]# service postfix start
    [root@mail ~]# service saslauthd start
    » Issue the below commands to start the postfix and saslauthd at startup
    [root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 postfix on
    [root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 saslauthd on
    Step 7 » Now check your smtp connectivity . just telnet localhost on port 25 and type this command ehlo localhost
    [root@mail ~]# telnet localhost 25
    Trying ::1...
    Connected to localhost.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    220 mail.krizna.com ESMTP Postfix
    ehlo localhost <---- type this command 
    250-mail.krizna.com
    250-PIPELINING
    250-SIZE 10240000
    250-VRFY
    250-ETRN
    250-STARTTLS
    250-AUTH PLAIN LOGIN
    250-AUTH=PLAIN LOGIN
    250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
    250-8BITMIME
    250 DSN
    quit
    221 2.0.0 Bye
    Connection closed by foreign host.

    If you get this output .. Great .. everything is fine till now.

    » Installing and configuring dovecot

    Step 8 » Issue this command to install dovecot
    [root@mail ~]# yum -y install dovecot
    Step 9 » After installation open /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf file and add the below line at the end of the file. please make sure mail_location and home_mailbox in postfix configuration are using the same name.
    protocols = imap pop3
    mail_location = maildir:~/mail
    pop3_uidl_format = %08Xu%08Xv
    将其中的#liten = *,[::]改为listen = *

    Step 10 » Now start dovecot service

    [root@mail ~]# service dovecot start
    » Issue the below command to start the dovecot at startup
    [root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 dovecot on

    Step 11 » Now test your pop3 connectivity .

    [root@mail ~]# telnet localhost 110
    Trying ::1...
    Connected to localhost.
    Escape character is '^]'.
    +OK Dovecot ready.
    quit
    +OK Logging out
    Connection closed by foreign host.

    Yes .. your server is ready to receive mails .

    » Creating users and testing

    Step 11 » Now create users to test your configuration.
    [root@mail ~]# useradd -m bobby -s /sbin/nologin
    [root@mail ~]# useradd -m leela -s /sbin/nologin
    and create passwords for the users created
    [root@mail ~]# passwd bobby
    [root@mail ~]# passwd leela
    Step 12 » Test your configuration in thunderbird . Refer the below image for configuration details.
    Mail server centos 6 testing此处可以下载Foxmail进行测试。

    Step 13 » Now you can send and receive mails using this server. In case of any issues please check the log file /var/log/maillog )

    your mail server is ready …

    如果发现telenet 域名 25端口不同,则尝试在 /etc/postfix/main.cf 中增加配置inet_interfaces = $myhostname, localhost后重启devecot服务service dovecot restart

    » Installing and configuring squirrelmail

    Step 14 » you need to add EPEL repository to install squirrelmail package. you can find latest EPEL repository rpm here ( http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/repoview/epel-release.html )
    [root@mail ~]# rpm -ivh http://ftp.jaist.ac.jp/pub/Linux/Fedora/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
    Step 15 » Issue the below command to install squirrelmail.
    [root@mail ~]# yum install squirrelmail
    This command will install squirrelmail along with apache and php.
    Step 16 » Now run the below command to configure squirrelmail .
    [root@mail ~]# perl /usr/share/squirrelmail/config/conf.pl
    »»» 1 »»» 1 »»» krizna (type Organization name ) »»» R ( return )
    »»» 2 »»» 1 »»» ( hit space for empty Domain name ) and choose 3 »»» SMTP ( choose SMTP ) »»» R ( return )
    »»» D »»» dovecot ( type ) »»» press enter with default
    »»» s ( save and quit)
    Step 17 » Open /etc/httpd/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf file and uncomment below lines
    # RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
    # RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}

    Step 18 » start apache service
    [root@mail ~]# service httpd start
    » Issue the below commands to start the httpd at startup
    [root@mail ~]# chkconfig --level 235 httpd on
    Step 19 » Now open http://serverip/webmail path in your browser . you could able to see the below page .
    setup mail server postfix-dovecot-squirrelmail
    and after login
    setup mail server postfix-dovecot-squirrelmail
    If any issues with apache check this page Installing Apache2 , Mysql server and PHP on Centos 6 (LAMP)
    Also see :
    » Setup mail server on centos 7
    » Setup mail server on Ubuntu 14.04
    Good luck.

    原文:http://www.krizna.com/centos/setup-mail-server-in-centos-6/



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